Aviation is the practical aspect or art of aeronautics, being the design, development, production, operation and use of aircraft, especially heavier than air aircraft. The word "aviation" was coined by French writer and former naval officer Gabriel La Landelle in 1873, from the verb "avier" (synonymous flying), itself derived from the Latin word "avis" ("bird") and the suffix "-ation".
The modern age of aviation began with the first untethered human lighter-than-air flight on November 21, 1783 of a hot air balloon designed by the Montgolfier brothers. The practicality of balloons was limited because they could only travel downwind. It was immediately recognized that a steerable, or dirigible, balloon was required. Jean-Pierre Blanchard flew the first human-powered dirigible in 1784 and crossed the English Channel in one in 1785.
Executive Airlines, Inc. was an airline headquartered in Carolina, Puerto Rico. Effective April 1, 2013 Executive Airlines will continue to do business in the Caribbean and Bahamas as an aircraft ground handling company, providing services to various airlines in the region.
According to the American Airlines system timetable dated March 7, 2013, all American Eagle flights operated by Executive Airlines from San Juan (SJU) were scheduled to be discontinued by April 1, 2013. Executive Airlines d/b/a American Eagle operated its last flights on Sunday, March 31, 2013.
The airline was founded by Puerto Rican businessman Joaquín Bolivar as Executive Air Charter in 1979, and on September 15, 1986 joined the American Eagle system. It became an AMR Eagle subsidiary on December 7, 1989. It is a subsidiary of AMR Eagle Holdings Corporation which operates American Eagle Airlines Inc., and Executive Airlines Inc. Both are subsidiaries of AMR Corporation, the parent of American Airlines. It has 2,125 employees (at March 2007).